Attack on the Grand Reef Fireforce Base

Grand Reef Fireforce Base

Well into the Cold War after the US had fired its final angry shot in Vietnam Rhodesia became the last western democracy engaged in a hot one fighting for its survival against a communist dictatorship takeover.
In 1977 the counter-insurgency warfare waged by its Security Forces against groups armed and trained by the Soviets and the Chinese was picking up an unbridled momentum. At an ever increasing number these infiltrated the country to wreak havoc and spread terror among the civilian population.

Pre-emptively acting in self-defence Rhodesia was forced to cross its borders to hunt and neutralize these groups.
On November 23 of that year in a coordinated move the Rhodesian Airforce, commandos of the Rhodesian Light Infantry and squadrons from the Special Air Service hammered the Zimbabwe Af. liberation army (ZANLA) in Mozambique. Launching from the FAF’s -Forward Airfields- at Grand Reef and Mtoko they went on to hit two large training complexes near Chimoio and Tembue taking out more than 1,200 CT’s – Communist Terrorists, gandangas.

One of these ZANLA unit away at the time from the camps escaped the onslaught. Contriving a way to vent their frustration over this jarring note in their ‘war of liberation’ they came up with a scheme for revenge and picked the Grand Reef air base as their symbolic target.
Considering the routine mauling the Rhodesians meted out on these groups one can albeit reluctantly grant them kudos for even contemplating the job.
Running around name calling each-other Comrade, psyched up by a combination of Chimurenga battle songs, mystic beliefs, a daily dose of marxist tripe and happy with their new pairs of jeans the group started off from Chimoio loaded with weaponry and taking a southern route penetrated the border into the Chipinge area. Making use of the tree cover from the wet season they treaded their way north through the kangeen up gomos and down dongas towards the town of Umtali – today’s Mutare – exacting along a sustenance of sadza and Chibuku from the hapless locals put to contribution for the common struggle. In return for their hospitality these were liberally repaid by having the doctrinal ideals of a future communist paradise beaten senselessly into their brains. The whole idea a sociological concept as unintelligible as it was alien to their ancestral tribal based culture.

Most FAF’s made use of the hand labour supplied by the locals. These were happy to perform chores and other menial tasks in return for a living. The SF area of the camps to them at all time out of bound.
Planning their attack the group with a measure of coercion wheedled one of the day worker, an old madala into providing them with a layout of the base. He did so with a drawing on a piece of paper.

Three and a half weeks after the raid on Chimoio weighed down with a sand bag a rifle and a set of chest webbing I was training for an upcoming SAS selection course sweating out a daily PT up and down the 1200 meters runway at Grand Reef.
A gunship was flying a last light patrol against a corny setting sun while in the distance a moving thunderstorm was rumbling. At that instant the group had lined up in the bushes across the airstrip and biding its time was gawping at the base.

Grand Reef airstrip photo HL

22:50. Serenely I surface from knocking out Zz’s.
In a dreamlike state I watch through the open door the night sky filled solid with streaks of glowing coloured zipping dashes.
No sound…some unscheduled night training…?
Two ticks… and the full force blow. An ear splitting blast whacks me wide awake. The heart bounces on the back teeth. The shock wave slams against the structure rushing in a cloud of dust. Orange flashes abruptly light up the entire barrack room while schrapnels pit the prefab spraying chunks and splinters.
Brutally yanked out of sleep the stunned brain is fumbling to adjust. Fuck,the compound has been breached.
About to sit up I throw myself on the floor and for a second lay there. Got to get a grip, steady the nerves and snap out of that bonelessness. Volleys of rounds rake the barrack the glimmering bits of the tracers bounce about the walls. In the strobe flashes from a succession of explosions I discern dark shapes under the rows of beds. Cowering in terror these yelp blood curdling wails.
Must get out. Now.
Pressing flat on my back muttering curses with feverish fingers I try to tie the laces on my tackies at the same time cradling tight my FN. Got to grab my webbings. These hang from the window handle right above the camp bed. I reach up when the whole frame bursts out of the wall in a shower of shards I land back hard on the floor and the webbings drop right on top of my swede.
The other set lay at the bottom of the bed. In one short breath I snatch the lot and sling it over my neck. In my shorts I make a push in a monkey run for the doorway through the dust and the shattered glass. Further down the barrack with a sudden air vacuum another fiery bolt from an RPG – or a recoilless?!! – punches through the walls. With a tight hold on the pistol grip and the stock I scramble for the way out.
Crossing the threshold I become aware what that 82 will do when it hits the concrete floor and turning around holler for everyone to get out. In the general commotion the words are wasted. Trade men. TA’s,MT’s and cooks their bottles lost, sorry for the sods.
Keeping the head right down I weave my way through the barrage of high explosive fireballs and gushes of incendiary sparks from the unceasing pounding of rockets and mortars. Packets of thick speeding luminous dotted trails bounce off the hills in the distance and barely inches above the head the unabated torrent of crackling rounds.
A bloody fucking revv. They are still outside the wire,for the time being.
Breaking for the nearest bunker I pass Dick G.on the way. In his skivvies he is already returning potshots over the embankment blindly with his rifle above his head.
‘Hey Dick, ‘tsup, let’s go and find a better posi for a dekko’
He turns around and with a deer in the headlights look ‘Er,Henri right , good idea’
With unbroken deafening thuds all around we lunge in a hurried crouch into the first bunker. Large enough to accommodate twenty it is empty.
‘What the fuck happened to the others?’ I ask.
‘Don’t know, you are the only I have seen yet’
A thought briefly crosses the mind; if we were the only survivors… Doubled over we move through the dark interior. I take a tumble over a stack of invisible crates. More curses at a throbbing shin. We station ourselves at the corners. In a brief moment of hesitation we hunker down below the opening and exchange glances as to ask who will volunteer first to have his head taken out for a look over the parapet.
With the minimum exposed we both hazard a glimpse. The vision is of one driving fast at night ploughing into a hail storm. From the other side of the tarmac a curtain of fire of incoming keeps streaming directly into the camp. The brunt visibly concentrated on the Army side of the base. Our side. The Airforce’s apparently showing less interest.
Life and immediate actions are now timed from one jittery second to the next. Switch on before you get switched off. A deep breath intake to think and weigh in the options while getting mullered. One may be to start and show some reaction by giving it the appearance of a firefight. Cannot shake that sensation of nerve wracking isolation. An assault any moment… their thumps are audible…
With all the spare magazines laid out and the adrenaline pumping I wedge the stock of my FN in the angle of the supporting and cross beams of the slit. A thirty round mag with the change lever on full auto. I realize I still have the Trilux on. The eye pressed on the rubber eyeguard I twiddle the brightness control lever to adjust the nail like aiming pointer. A waste of time. The moonless night yields only a blurry mass of blinding sparks about 200 meters away. A snap shoot. I’ll just let it rip.
To Dick, for fun I yell, ‘Watch my tracers,where it strikes,fire.’
We open up.

Alouettes III photo HL

Early on that morning as part of a detachment from 3 Troop 1Cdo from the RLI of the First Battalion we left the Cranborne barracks in Salisbury for the Grand Reef Fireforce air base in Manicaland 30 k’s west of Umtali in the eastern highlands. The rest of the troop was to join a day later. 3 Cdo had completed its stint and we were taking over.
The remote parts of the road went past TTL’s where mujibas – herd boys – kept the CT’s posted on security forces moves making it confirmed ambush country. The convoy had the usual make up of Crocs – armoured carriers – and 4,5 Mercedes I was tasked to man the MAG on the back of a 2,5 Unimog. Five hours on with a halfway break at one of the Women Volunteers canteen for courtesy tea and a stock up on reading material we drove up the last winding stretch of red dirt road and entered the base.
The changeover of Cdo’s completed orders were issued and everyone went to organize their living quarters easing into a camp routine for the next eight weeks.

RLI 1 Cdo

A rewind.
Over a year had gone by when one morning walking down the streets of Salisbury and experiencing the lively and carefree atmosphere of a sunny Saturday when girls in long light dresses were enjoying their tea and milkshakes at the terraces of the cafes I was looking for Gordon Street. I had travelled half way around the world and now I was discovering with a growing concern that no such address existed. Reluctantly I had to ask for directions to a passing gentleman who suggested that what I may have been looking for was Gordon ‘Avenue’ – the newspaper article I had picked up while beach bumming along the Mexican Pacific coast had mentioned a Gordon ‘Street’.
A short while later I found myself standing in front of the narrow street window of the Armed Forces recruiting center. Mesmerized with excitement I was staring at a precisely detailed mock up with miniature models in a recreated bush battle scene.

A soldier came out followed by another. I watched them climb in the camouflaged Land Rover parked in front. The driver started the engine and eyeing me pointed to the inside of the building. With a gesture he indicated a flight of stairs where if I wanted I would find information.
Steep steps lead to the first floor. In the middle of a small room was a desk where an officer was busy writing. Behind him on the wall above some notes and photographs and next to a Rhodesian flag hung a poster showing a drawing of a soldier carrying a rifle and the words, ‘Be a Man among Men.The Rhodesian Army’.

With a large welcoming smile Major N. Lamprecht invited me to take a seat.
Having listened to my intentions he then proceeded with a brief presentation of the situation as to fill me in. Kindly asking if I had any questions – and showing not the least interest about my previous military experience in a parachute regiment – he concluded by handing over some forms. These he emphasized I was to read carefully over the week-end and having reached a decision I was to return first thing Monday morning signed, depending. It was only after I had explained that being down to my last four dollars with no intention of going anywhere and my mind already made up that a whole week-end was not necessary to think anything over. After a final and polite attempt to moderate my haste he pulled a Bible out of a drawer. I placed a determined left hand on the cover and raising the right one solemnly pledged my oath of commitment.
Downstairs I saw the guys from the Land Rover had returned. After a brief joking chat the Major gave them some papers with the order to drive me to the RLI barracks. I could not suppress the grin I had on my face as I hopped in the back with my small suitcase.
Reversing out of the parking space the driver leaned out and yelled : ‘Hang on, gotta send it to make it for ‘graze, ekse’ – the ‘r’ rolled. Then he floored it like a maniac. Later I found out he meant lunch.

Passing out Parade day. Left J.P. – HL – Dave B.

Over four months later to mark the end of Training Troop our intake -158- performed the ceremonial passing out parade on the drill square at the Cranborne Barracks in Salisbury. On this ‘Open day’ the relatives of the recruits had been invited to attend. In a impeccable turnout of pressed shirt, gleaming white belt, a glinting badge on the green beret, polished to a mirror hobnail boots and shaved to the bone we executed a perfectly synchronized march with the earth resounding thump of a single heel. A display that left the families misty eyed with pride.

Coming to a halt the squad stood to attention. Eyes front I could still watch the CO heading straight to where I was standing. He stopped in front of me and in an unusual semi casual tone asked which Commando I had in mind to join. Startled by the unexpected query and having until this moment given the matter little thought my mind was racing for an answer…1 Cdo’s high kill rate was a byword and the ‘1’ sounded neat. I croaked ‘Er,1 Cdo…?’.

Training Troop bush shave

During training troop the program for each week was typed on an A4 pinned to a board in the barrack room. At the bottom of the eighteenth sheet one could read: ‘Unless the recruit failed the PE Tests, Trg Tests or Classification those who had qualified were to ‘Proceed to sub-units. Cheers! ‘Capt Cooper, Trg Offr.’

Basic Training in the Matopos photo HL

Later on that evening everyone who had passed met for a celebratory dinner at the Beverley Rocks Motel outside Salisbury. In a festive spirit we all sat at a long U shaped table. The meal concluded the room went quiet. At that moment a pretty, no, a very pretty girl -Elizabeth- who happened to be sitting next to me elbowed me in the ribs to bring to my attention that my name had been called out. Fairly tight -after two beers- I managed to steady myself into a standing position. I was then requested to approach the head of the table where Capt. Cooper – the CO – , Cpl Robbertze, L/Cpl Graham and L/Cpl Brown our training troop instructors were sitting. Teetering my way on I felt a series of encouraging slaps on the back. Having made it to their table I could see placed on the white cloth an elaborately worked bronze sculpture about eighteen inches high. In the shape of a plinth engraved with a series of names it was flanked by a brace of crossed model FN rifles. The room was gently rotating about and I was not having the foggiest. Then with a big smile each Corporal in turn grabbed my hand for a firm congratulatory handshake while Capt. Cooper looked on benevolently. I was being presented with the trophy for Best Recruit. Too overwhelmed for words I stood for several seconds dumbly rooted to the floor with my mouth hanging.

Best Recruit Plaque

Later when I tried to stagger off with the actual trophy the guys -and the girl- tried to explain that all was fine but the small wooden plaque with my name engraved above the regiment crest I had been given was for me to keep while the actual trophy was to stay with the Regiment. Right…

Victoria Falls Border Bridge with Zambia

Pre-dawn was breaking and with no taxi in sight the girl and I caught a lift back into town in the cab of a rubbish collecting truck. Our intake had been granted some r+r before reporting to the Cdos. I blew my savings and flew the two of us for the week-end at the Victoria Falls Hotel. (In an instance of ‘where were you when…’ it was from the radio in the room one afternoon we heard Elvis had died).

Elisabeth and Stanley Livingstone

Having gone through the grueling period of training troop our original intake cast of pals Scott M.- a Brit, Jo.P.- a Romanian, Norman Mayne – an Irishman , Dick G.- an Aussie, Dave B.- a Kiwi, Tom Z.- from SW Africa and Mike K.- from North Carolina all chose to join the same Cdo.

Fort Victoria Fireforce Base photo HL

For our first bushtrip we were sent to the FAF in Fort Victoria – Karango. ‘Fort Vic’ then, today Masvingo.
Late one afternoon fresh troopies we got off the trucks and stepped into the cryptic setting of an operational fireforce base. A war zone with its deceptively casual atmosphere where discipline was no longer formally obeyed, failure of which in training troop got you back squadded or thrown out but was from now on implicitly self enforced failure of which became a security risk getting you killed or worse getting someone else killed.

The base was at full capacity and all sleeping quarters taken up. After a prolonged search I managed to locate a vacant bed in a large tent and putting digs on it placed the bulk of my webbings on top then we all met for chow.

Rhodesians Recruit Course 158 photo HL

Lists of names were chalked on a board outside the briefing room for the morning first call-out. Each stick to a chopper. Parts of the assault group were a Lynx – a push-pull propelled aircraft loaded with rocket pods and 20 gal. canisters of Frantan – frangible tanks filled with Rhodesian napalm- a K-Car gunship fitted with a 20mm canon and several G-Cars to move the stop groups.
Tom Z. was first from our group to make the list.His customary off-hand demeanour contrasted with our excitement.

The Lynx Photo HL

Later when I returned for the night I found a guy laying on my bed and my gear in a heap in a corner. As a green troopie finding my marks I thought some explanations may have been opportune. However these were cut short when not bothering to look in my direction and using the tone to address an underling I was dismissed with a : ‘Fuck off and go find yourself another wankpit’. When a combat veteran threw his weight around there was not much I could do in the way of a telling come back. Stoically I picked up my gear and went looking for some floor space elsewhere.

G Car’s Twin Browning

At first light I was jolted out of sleep by the blaring of the sirens. Sipping from a mug of tea we all met on the LZ to watch Tom Z. kitting up while in the background the hissing pitch of the rotors of the choppers was picking up. He took the front seat by the door his MAG resting on his lap. In the whirlwind of the lift off and exhaust fumes with a casual smirk he gave us a thumb up. Boarding another chopper I had noticed the guy who had taken my bed the night before. We watched the formation rear up and fly away until a series of silent tiny dots it disappeared over the hills on the shimmering horizon.
I am not sure about the other guys but I may have experienced a slight lump in the throat. The training troop days were for sure now over.

G Car

At noon someone announced their return. There was a report of casualties.
We all gathered as the choppers approached for landing. Searching for the faces it was with relief we spotted Tom. He wore the expression of one who had gone on a shopping trip and on the way back had been stuck in a bad traffic.
In his usual unhurried stroll he came over to join us. A length of empty MAG links hung from his webbings.

We were all eager for the details. Always a gifted phrase maker he summed it up. ‘Steric contact. Slotted six floppies’. Then to be thorough added ‘Also wounded five and captured three. Left the lot with the SB -Special Branch- guys’.
He then pointed to the pouch on his belt where a water bottle should have been. ‘A round took it out’ he chuckled. Reaching inside his webbings he pulled a soiled piece of cloth and unwrapping it produced an AK bayonet. ‘Hey,first loot’. The scabbard was covered with caked up blood already gone black. Somebody pointed out the handle had taken a hit making the thing pretty much useless.
We made our way towards the graze hall – troopie’s canteen – to hear more on the contact. As we passed a rubbish drum Tom lobbed the bayonet in it, ‘Plenty more where this one came from’. Letting the rest of the guys get ahead he tapped me on the shoulder and with a complicit grin waved a thumb back towards the last chopper coming in for landing.
‘By the way Henri, you got your bed back’
I looked at the chopper a body bag was sticking out the side.
As we walked past the stick board I saw my name chalked up for the next callout.

Left Tom Z. center with tattoo Dave B. to his left HL

The security situation throughout the country was taking a turn for the worse with Combined Operational Headquarters announcing daily terrorist ambushes and attacks on farms with an ever increasing number of victims. The Rhodesians who could afford it joined the armoured convoys and made a beeline south across the Limpopo to a safer life in South Africa. The country was happy to take in a resourceful people with a high standard of education, farming and technical abilities (Rhodesian GSCE Level was then more valued than its UK equivalent ).

For the armed gangs prowling the land the isolated farms were soft targets. In reaction to the threats these had established between them a warning radio network. An ingenious system but not without its limits.
Here is an incident, one of many.
Early one morning our FAF received an emergency call from the BSAP – the Police- in the Mount Darwin -Kore Kore- region to the north east of the country. Closer to respond to a late night attack on a farmstead their unit had been ambushed on their way suffering casualties and their vehicles disabled.
With the fireforce state of permanent readiness within less than ten minutes we were airborne and thirty minutes later the choppers had positioned our stop groups 800 meters from the farm. A sweep was immediately started.
Black smoke could be seen rising from the buildings. But for the sound of the K Cars circling in the distance all was peacefully quiet.
Reaching the compound we found a length of the perimeter fence torn down. The farm was of modest family size with plots of maize and tobacco one of many dotting the country. Access to the yard was littered with 7.62 intermediate grey doppies. The Dutch style white facade was thickly pock marked and there were several black rimmed holes from RPG impacts. Smoke drifted out of some windows on the upper floor one of the gables had been knocked to the ground.
The sweepline on the look out for trip wires progressed alongside the building past tall trimmed bushes. Presently a light gust brought a whiff of the stench of corpses.
An old white Jaguar was parked in the court yard in the shade of a large Jacaranda tree. There was dark patch of oil underneath. Moving closer we saw the windscreen and the doors riddled with holes and the bonnet smeared with blood. By the front fender on the dusty ground laid the body of a young woman with long hair of a light shade her feet bare and bruised. A small surface of unsoiled material revealed a flowery pattern on her summer dress. She had been disemboweled. Failing to find any sign of life one of the guys pulled a blanket from the car to cover her against the flies.
Two more bodies were sprawled by the main door. Terrs wearing several layers of clothing. A third one was sticking out of the bushes.
By now the outside areas had been searched and cleared. Spoors had been picked up and a tracking hunt was launched.

We took positions by the entrance to the hallway. In the intense crystal sun light the interior was a black hole.
I called out to identify our presence. We waited in the following silence. Then, faintly, a distant voice floated out of the depths of the building. The other guys and I exchanged a look. I called again. It was the voice of a young girl. Straining the ears it was saying;
‘…my daddy is hurt…’
One by one the finger on the trigger we entered the doorway. The polished wooden floor was cluttered with an upset table, a large broken mirror some wood frames a painting and a vase with the flowers strewn in the debris. The walls and the ceiling were ripped and gashed from hundreds of impacts.
The disarticulated bodies of two other terrorists heaped half on top of each-other protruded halfway out of a room with thick blood puddling across to the floor boards.

We stepped over them. Behind us the guys were clearing the adjacent rooms.
We found the end of the passage way blocked by a jumble of furniture and beyond mattresses had been piled in a protective wall. At the base was the dark shape of the body of another terr the stock of his RPD broken and entangled with belts of rounds.
From the time we had landed not a shot had been fired. Watching each footstep silently we moved on further down the corridor mindful to keep a reduced target.

Then about five meters behind the mattresses outlined from the background by a shaft of light we saw a young blonde girl. Almost child looking. Visibly in a daze she was sitting motionless pointing a G3. With soft reassuring words we approached her. From the shoulder down her dress was covered with blood. The side of her head was a dark mass of bloodied matted hair.
Her name was Moira. Just turned twelve. She had suffered an ear loss from the gunfire. A round had grazed her scalp.
Slowly I reached for her rifle. With a distant and unseeing look in her eyes she let go of her grip. There was a 12 gauge pump action shot gun beside her the chamber jammed open by a half extracted spent case. Around on the floor were a dozen of empty magazines and hundreds of cartridge cases.
‘My daddy is hurt … and my Mum has taken Jimmy to safety…’
Behind her slumped against the wall covered with impacts was her father unconscious. In one hand he was clutching an Uzi and in the other two full magazines. Next to him staring were two little boys, huddled and shaking. The father had been shot in the chest, the boys were unhurt.
We carried on clearing the premises while the medic trained guys were applying first aid. A casevac chopper was already landing in the yard .
More bodies were discovered in the kaya – the Shona house employees living quarters- .Three women and a man. They showed signs of torture. Much later still wearing a look of terror six little Shona children crept out of the bushes .
Moira’s baby brother Jimmy was found under the body of his mother by the white Jaguar when after having been checked for booby trap she was lifted on to a stretcher. His skull had been crushed.
The weapon handling her father had taught Moira saved her life. As well as that of her two brothers and her father’s.

When I broke my leg on an Op jump -tree landing on a camp attack- Major Cummings kindly sent me to look after a family friends of his who had a maiz and tobacco farm near Goromonzi. While there I gave the family some weapon training. Here Kirsten with an Uzi.

From their bases in the operational areas of the country the overstretched RLI was trying to keep up with a routine of two, sometime three sorties on a single day.
Fireforce sticks could be para-dropped from Daks but for reaction time and surprise choppers were mostly used. The French Alouette III’s reliable versatility making it the chosen work horse.
The troopie typically found himself sitting hours on end as a passenger to be transported to the contact areas with not much else to do but witness passively the pilot and the tech going through their motions. Sometimes with unintended consequences.

G Car in Malapati Photo HL

One night at a time when the Commandos had managed to keep one step ahead of the insurgency we were able with some pilots to unwind with a beer at the ‘Green Beret’ the FAF’s all rank camp watering hole. The evening wore on and the topic turned to the fact that it was generally agreed the Rhodesian Airforce helicopter pilots their flying skills unmatched undeniably stood alone in their part of the bush war. Most of us had at least at one time benefited from being hot extracted and in tight urgency these pilots even assisted clearing improvised LZ’s from tree tops using their main rotor blades.

Still, one of our guy well tanked up veered off with a rant claiming that any moron could fly a chopper himself having ‘learned’ enough simply by watching from the back seat. For the sake of keeping it good humored all agreed with a dismissive nod. The evening went on until in a moment of quiet someone asked if he was alone in hearing the faint sound of whirring rotors. Next he asked if anyone had seen Colin T.. We looked at eachother and at once all bounded out of the bar in a frantic scramble for the LZ two hundred meters away. There in the full moon was a chopper bouncing down the runway. We watched until finally it banked and crashed into the bushes. The economic sanctions strangling Rhodesia made every piece of hardware valuable chopper parts not the least. For his stunt Colin T. did his 28 days stretch in DB -Detention Barracks. Only his needed combat skills got him back into the unit. Several months later he was shot in a contact.

Standing in pouring rain J.P. Scott M. and HL after a nasty contact.

Fireforce tactics were usually conducted with long sweeps over rugged terrain interspersed by moves on the double. Spotted by OP’s the terrs usually got caught in the ‘box’. For those who could manage to keep a cool head it was to make it undetected by hiding in the trees, ditches, river beds, or anthills until the line had passed them by. The troops in their sweep invariably marched straight onto them. A case for most casualties. Hence the never enough emphasized importance of fieldcraft training. I recall a sweep when I had walked past one so well camouflaged it was only after a few yards that feeling a tingling sensation I spun around and saw through the carpet of dead leaves the white of his soles a split second before he swung to fire his AK. I barely had time for a double tap.

Patrol. Ross Parker ahead. photo HL

To enhance combat flexibility the troopie tried to keep the bulk of his kit to a minimum. The dress code was left as a personal choice for ease and comfort. A camo T-shirt -the blood group with a black marker visible on the chest -a pair of khaki crotch length shorts, a set of chest webbings- custom designed at personal expenses from the Salisbury outdoor supply store Faradays and Sons-, magazines for 150-200 rounds for an FN -belts of 400 for an MAG gunner – then variously and depending M962 grenades, 32 Zulu or 28 R rifle grenades, smoke grenades, M970 white-phos, a 9mm – or.45-pistol, a jab of Sosegon or morphin, a field dressing, a length of paracord, a couple of water bottles to be refilled on the move, ankle high canvas treadless rubber sole black tackies, the occasional headband though more often bareheaded, a wrist compass, a watch covered with a strip of camo cloth -also from Faradays and Sons- dog tags and, at times a good smear of camo cream. Plus depending an A 76 radio set and a bevvy. The lot tied down for silence. And the camo painted FN -carried without a sling- or the MAG.

Dave B. 1 Cdo 3Trp photo HL

At an elevation of 3,500 ft Grand Reef was an airstrip – Forward Airfield 8 – drawn on an open flat half an hour west from the town of Umtali on the border with Mozambique. It abutted on a low ridge less than two kilometers to the north. To the south east hillocks and protruding granite boulders dotted a savanna landscape down to the border.

The perimeter of the base was surrounded by a ten foot protective berm earthwork with spaced bunkers, overhead wire nets, trenches, pits, barbed wire, mined approaches and stretches of piled sand bags….
A camp rule was that no one ever went anywhere without a rifle albeit the relative safety of the FAF was more or less taken for granted. Over the years incidents hardly more significant than a couple of terrs straying close by had been reported and promptly dealt with. To some unfortunate extent this precarious quiet was allowed to lull the level of vigilance into an accepted complacency. Sharp alert but not trigger alert.

On the eve of the attack SB radioed the C.O. they had picked up a suspect carrying a detailed drawing of the camp. The general consensus was that any attempt made against the base was implicitly considered a presumptuously pointless and suicidal scenario. Without another thought the warning was given a pass.
To boot, the last light clearing foot patrol was skipped when instead the guys decided to watch a TV show in the graze hall. ‘Bless’Em All’, if I recall. Giving it a miss I went for a shower, some grub, then joined the guys at the ‘Green Beret’. The stickboard was rostered the Dak and the helos expected to return to the base early in the morning.
I turned in and before I could finish the chapter of the Wilbur Smith I was reading drifted off.

A tracer to every four rounds. As if putting up a counter attack Dick and I were laying down a solidly sustained defensive fire. In reality a pint sized trickle up against the torrent of on-comings.
Not really the time but I had a thought for the game roaming the area Africa’s bush wars unwitting crossfire sufferers.
As a reminder that tracers work both ways our bunker became the focus of their attention.
Five mags on and a smouldering barrel. The inside of our bunker was now filled with a veil of blueish smoke and the acrid smell of burnt powder. The ears ringing numb.
Taking a metal cooling break with my back resting against the wall I dropped to grab the 28R sticking out of the kidney pouch. Anti-tank not A/P, it’ll have to do. The coil of steel making it dual purpose.

I was still trying to figure out how they managed all the shit they were throwing at us and how many were out there. Going by the racket, fifty, … a hundred?
Magazine off, weapon cocked, chamber cleared. The rifle held upright between the knees I unclipped the ballistite from the MAG link I carried around my neck on a piece of paracord with the dog tags and a 1Cdo medallion. Flipped the sight fed the cartridge released the working parts fitted the grenade onto the muzzle and pulled the pin. Dismissing the odds of a direct hit I eased it through the opening. The first time I fired one of those was during training troop. The recoil almost wrenched the rifle out of my hands with the barrel leaping against the front teeth. My teeth were ok but the palm suffered a nasty gash. The experience still rankled.

32 Zulu Rifle grenade

The rifle firmly held between the elbow and the hip I tried to align the rounded tip of the grenade with the sights. All too dark,it would have to be guess work. Steady on the legs, a brace I pulled the trigger. The rifle jumped with a massive muzzle flash and hit the cross beam. My intention to follow the 150 meters curved trajectory was cut short when wood splinters sent me ducking.
Dick called out and pointed at a box of Icarus flares he had spotted on the floor. Agreeing that some light was a good idea we got hold of one each. A grope for the embossed ‘P’ marking the top and the piece of adhesive holding the trigger mechanism. Pointing at a high angle over the runway we fired simultaneously. The sparkling trails swooshed up 1,200ft where they began to float down swaying gently under their toy size parachutes lighting up the country side with their 100,000 candle power burning strength.
The shooting had ceased. The only sound now came from the faint crackling of the flares. Shielding the eyes from the dazzling white light we tried to penetrate the bush below the twinkling of the tree leaves while black shadows shifted and stretched erratically. Complete stillness.
Thirty seconds and all went dark again. Further down someone from our side now emerged to return some fire with gradually more joining in.
In the light of the flares we had spotted a DshK on a box its tripod leaning against a wall. To indulge a whim it was only the work of a moment to have it assembled the top cover slammed over the first round of a long belt and the cocking handle pulled right back. I got to fire the first burst.
Under the momentary illusion of some regained initiative the feel good effect from the punch was short lived due to the dead giveaway from the four foot cross-shaped muzzle flash spewed with each ear splitting burst.
As if in a timed parting shot for a grand finale by putting everything in it they unleashed for a solid minute yet the most intensely packed barrage of fire on the base. Some tracer tips even found their way into the interior of the bunker. Keeping right down we resigned ourselves to sit it out.
Then as the flipping of a switch it stopped altogether leaving behind a quivering stillness.
Lt Courtney’s silhouette popped in the entrance of the bunker. In a hushed voice ‘You okay guys…?

A great callsign. Richard ‘Dick’ Gledhill Tom Z. Scott M. HL. Crouching Dave B. with MAG and J.P.

Lt Paul Courtney was one of those officers thought by all to be a ‘good guy’. Fair in dealing with the troops while capable of thinking on his feet. Though at times quirky as tended to be the norm. In Fort Vic when a tent covering a pile of ammo boxes accidentally caught fire and while the rest of us sensibly went about to look for extinguishers he plunged without hesitation head first into the blaze and the firework of exploding rounds and began to drag the heavy crates out.
A week after the Gd Reef attack we were on a sweep line in Op Thrasher. He was leading the call sign and I was carrying an MAG. Our advance up a steep kopje was halted when we came faced with a series of caves. All of a sudden contacts were engaged with furious firefights at every point along the line.

In a simultaneous sequence our section came under point blank fire range. I saw him stumble as a hail of rounds whizz-cracked at head level. Forgoing the ‘dash-down-crawl’ with a hold on the bipod the leather strap across the shoulder in a textbook Drake shoot I let a long burst into the bushes to the front kicking up massive dust. For some seconds after I had released the trigger bits of leaves and branches were still dropping to the ground. In the bushes were two bodies a PKM, and an SKS.
Intense firing was still going on with some heavy echoing down the valley. I turned around calling for attention. He was laying flat on his back. ‘Looks like he knocked himself out cold’ I said to the other guy as we walked back to help him up on his feet. On getting closer he looked contentedly asleep. There was a small red mark on his cheek. Then we saw he was laying in a seeping puddle of blood. The back of his head was a gaping hole.
The day was Christmas Eve.

Fresh out of the Gwelo’s Officers Course the ambitious sought a commission with one of the prestigious Commandos of the RLI. Not all of them quite making the cut with some rapidly labelled ‘waste of rations’ who often ended up bailed out of tight corners by contacts hardened NCO’s. Notably was one who by pulling ranks regularly bossed a troopie to clean his rifle and fill his magazines until one day he found himself pinned down in the middle of a bad punchup returning fire with blanks. Or another who was leading a sweep up a gomo and, for some freaky reasons only known to himself had coiled a good length of cordtex primed to the dets – from the force of the blast it was suspected a claymore was part of it – he then had packed the lot on top of his bergen. The first round coming his way detonated the charge much to the annoyance of the two guys covering his flanks these with luck had to contour some obstacles putting some distance in between and in addition to being rendered momentarily deaf ended up showered with body parts.

Or the time our troop was sent on an ‘external’ to check on ZANLA on the outskirts of the south eastern town of Malvernia in Mozambique. A young officer priding himself on his faultless compass reading – and for the record ignoring the corrections I had suggested against my own – led our callsign way off course to end up entangled into a massive jessebush. When eventually we emerged on the other side we had barged straight on a big bunch of Freds doing their camp chores. For what could not have been more than three seconds time remained suspended as both sides stood ogling taking in the situation. With bulging eyes some were holding their washing frozen in mid-air the laundry pegs in their mouths. Then everyone reached for his weapon. We covered a hasty pull back by letting them have a long squirt. A kilometer away – with Sgt Bramal giggling at the encounter – their RPG’s and AA 14,5 were still chewing our landscape. Ints later reported that despite the spectacular exchange of fire neither side had suffered any casualty. Short of a miracle and just as well since we were not supposed to engage the Freds.

Road to Kariba. Back of a 2.5 HL mans an MAG

For several minutes while the camp warily emerged from its trance like state the only sounds were the moans from the wounded and the organized rush to put out the fires. It appeared there was not going to be any assault after all.
This is the time our mortar team chose to enter into action. The prolonged silence was suddenly ripped by the deafening blast from the bedding in of the 81’s. Mistaken for another attack it triggered a fresh bout of panic and sent once more most of the camp scurrying back for cover.
From the bunker we could hear the instructions called out for elevation and deflection, six-four degrees, one-eight -five degrees…Then a heavy weight of fire on the target area’s beaten zone was unleashed with a continuous fall of rounds intensely pumped down for effect at the rate of 10 per minute in a proper mortar procedure.
The night horizon lit up with distant intermittent orange flashes followed by muffled rumbles. But we knew that by now it was a case of barn door and bolted horse.

At first light a sweep was carried out. Upon reaching the area Dick and I had concentrated our fire as we looked for booby traps we discovered a ground covered with thousands of empty cases, ammo steel containers, mortar rounds wooden boxes, RPG booster wraps, spent 106’s and 75’s shells, empty tins of food, water bottles some footwear, a mirror and shaving razors.
Some distance away a body laid in the bushes face down. Dick cast a quizzical glance in my direction. With a string tied to the shoulder it was flipped over. Pretty mangled it was hard telling what got it. The bark at the base of the trees was ripped from impacts.
Further away vehicle tracks revealed the extent of organization and brazen confidence gone in the planning of the attack.
Leaving blood spoors the group had melted back into the bush and likely dispersed its gear amongst the kraals in the area. Undermanned to be carried out efficiently a follow up was called off until later.

On the way back as I was about to cross the runway I paused on the edge of the bush in the area where the attack had been initiated. Taking in the perspective I turned around to look back at the base then slowly up and down the length of the airstrip. I realized with a brief gut churn that on the previous evening my run had taken me less than three meters away past in front of these guys. Several times…

The attack had lasted less than fifteen minutes. We could have been overrun a fact that was heavy on everyone’s mind. Based on their ints their timing was to coincide with the Commando’s changeover. Our unknown low present strength level may possibly have been a deterrent for a push.
We had casualties. An airburst had killed a Signal Operator and among the several seriously wounded was a guy who at the break of the attack had stepped out of his tent into an exploding mortar round. In the morning he had returned just released from hospital for a gun shot through the neck.
The ‘Green Beret’ had been gutted, the shower blocks destroyed, several 4.5 had been hit – their windscreens curiously like cooled molten lava covered their hoods – every building wall was heavily pock marked and their roofs damaged. When Dick G. returned to his shredded tent he discovered the surface of his mattress split in half lengthwise.

Repair job in the aftermath of the attack. Building show damages. Dave B. holding a hammer.
Prisoners put to contribution

The upshot beside a few guys temporarily shaken up was dissipated overnight by a return to normality with the brutal intensity of the fireforce deployments.
Nonetheless. However loath to admit it we had allowed it to happen. The ZANLA had a score to gloat about. And it stung. Furthermore none of its attackers were ever traced.
In the following days issues were addressed and token measures carried out. More sand bags were filled, additional ammos piled in the bunkers, guard duties were increased and patrols went deeper.
That evening after I had put the broom away and was done shaking debris of glass and plaster off my mattress I pulled a tarp to plug a gaping hole in the roof above my bed space. Then I settled again with the Wilbur Smith and before I could finish the same chapter once more drifted off.
Two weeks later I left the Cdo to report for the SAS selection course.

RLI Colours 1 Cdo 3 Trp dogtags and ballistite

2022 Henri Lepetit © All Rights Reserved